Arizona landlords have the legal right to periodically enter their rental properties. The law does not place limitations on why landlords want to enter the property. However, entering a rental property is a right with limitations and landlords should use this to harass or intimidate.
Proper Notice to Tenant
A.R.S. § 33-1343(D) states that, “the landlord shall give the tenant at least two days’ notice of the landlord’s intent to enter and enter only at reasonable times.” Although the law does not specify that the notice must be written (as opposed to verbal), it is a good idea to post written notice of intent to enter, or send via mail, so that you as a landlord have proof that you followed the proper procedure.See A.R.S. § 33-1343(D)
A.R.S. § 33-1343(A) states in part that “the tenant shall not unreasonably withhold consent to the landlord to enter into the dwelling unit in order to inspect the premises, make necessary or agreed repairs, decorations, alterations or improvements…” or show the property to potential buyers. If the tenant won’t allow you to enter the property, it is grounds for eviction.See A.R.S. § 33-1343(A)
Per, A.R.S. § 33-1343(C) a landlord may enter the dwelling unit without consent of the tenant in case of emergency. So, for example, if there is smoke billowing out of the windows or water is pouring out from under the doors, a landlord does not have to provide a 48-hour notice before entering.
Don’t use the ability to enter the property as a way of harassing or intimidating a tenant. According to A.R.S. § 33-1343(D) “the landlord shall not abuse the right to access or use it to harass the tenant.” One of the most common defenses a tenant brings up in court is that their landlord was harassing them. Avoid anything that even resembles harassment so your tenant can’t use that as a defense if you end up having to evict them.
What should you do if a landlord enters into your property without your permission?
Arizona law requires that landlords give tenants at least a 48 hour notice prior to entering the property. However, what options do you have if the landlord just enters into the property? The Arizona Landlord Tenant Act addresses this exact issue. A.R.S. § 33-1376(B) states:
“If the landlord makes an unlawful entry or a lawful entry in an unreasonable manner or makes repeated demands for entry otherwise lawful but which have the effect of unreasonably harassing the tenant, the tenant may obtain injunctive relief to prevent the recurrence of the conduct or terminate the rental agreement. In either case, the tenant may recover actual damages not less than an amount equal to one month’s rent.”
So this statute provides an Arizona tenant with two different options if the landlord enters the property without permission or is constantly demanding to enter the property to the point that it becomes a form of harassment.
Two Options Available If Your Landlord Enters Without Your Permission
- Obtain injunctive relief- This is a fancy way of saying of getting an Injunction Against Harassment or Restraining Order against the landlord. With either of these tools you will have the backing of the court to stop the harassment.
- Terminate the Rental Agreement- Regardless of how much or how little time is left on your lease if your landlord has entered your house without your permission then you can cancel your lease.
Monetary Damages Against Trespassing Landlord
The second part of A.R.S. § 33-1376(B) requires the landlord to pay the tenant a “fine” equal to one month’s rent. So for example, if your rent is $1,500 per month then you would be able to recover $1,500 from the landlord.
However, in order to recover the one months rent from the landlord a tenant must elect one of the two options from above. Meaning, the tenant must either obtain an Injunction Against Harassment or actually terminate the lease agreement. A tenant cannot just say, “well, the landlord entered my property without my permission and now I want my money.”
Landlords, don’t enter without giving the tenants a 48-hour written notice of your intent to enter! Tenants, don’t unreasonably deny your landlord access to their property!.
If you have questions regarding a 48 hour notices to enter rental properties then call the Dunaway Law Group at: email@example.com or call: 480-389-6529.